Effectiveness of a Package of Interventions for Sustaining Nutritional Status among Children Recently Recovered from Moderate Acute Malnutrition

A FANTA research study carried out by partner Washington University in St. Louis showed that more than 30% of children in Malawi who recovered from moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) after treatment either relapsed or died within a 12-month follow-up period. This suggests that children successfully treated for MAM remain vulnerable and might benefit from additional interventions and/or a longer period of food supplementation. To investigate the possibility of improving the long-term effectiveness of treatment for MAM, FANTA initiated another study with Washington University at St. Louis to examine the effectiveness of a longer period of food supplementation combined with four common interventions for sustaining good nutritional status among children in the year following recovery from MAM. The interventions include malaria chemoprophylaxis for 3 months, a 14-day course of zinc to improve environmental enteropathy, a one-time albendazole treatment, and provision of an insecticide-treated bed net.

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