PM2A: Preventing Malnutrition in Children Under 2 Approach

The preventing malnutrition in children under 2 approach (PM2A) is a food-assisted approach that targets health and nutrition interventions to all pregnant women, mothers of children 0–23 months, and children under 2 years—during the critical 1,000-day window of opportunity—in areas that are food insecure. FANTA research in Haiti showed that PM2A is effective in preventing child malnutrition by targeting all children under 2, regardless of nutritional status. However, questions remain concerning the size, composition, and duration of the ration that should be provided in a PM2A context to achieve optimal impact on children’s nutritional status. To further examine these aspects of PM2A, FANTA, in collaboration with its partner IFPRI, is conducting two cluster-randomized trials—one in Burundi and one in Guatemala.

  • In Burundi, the research is looking at the effectiveness of various durations of preventive ration distribution and whether the provision of the ration during pregnancy affects the impact on children’s nutritional status.
  • In Guatemala, the research is examining the impact of different sizes of protective household rations, as well as the impact of different compositions of individual rations for pregnant women and children, including specialized foods, such as lipid-based nutrient supplements and micronutrient powders.
Strengthening and Evaluating the PM2A in Guatemala: Report of the Enrollment Survey (2013)
A Process Evaluation of the PROCOMIDA “Preventing Malnutrition in Children under 2 Approach” in Guatemala (2013)
A Process Evaluation of the Tubaramure Program for Preventing Malnutrition in Children under 2 Approach (PM2A) in Burundi (2013)
Report of Formative Research Conducted in Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, to Help Inform the Health-Strengthening Activities and the Social and Behavior Change Communication Strategy That Will Be Implemented through the Mercy Corps PM2A Program – PROCOMIDA (2012)
Strengthening and Evaluating the Preventing Malnutrition in Children under 2 Approach (PM2A) in Burundi: Baseline Report (2012)
Renforcement et évaluation de l’approche Prévention de la Malnutrition chez les enfants de moins de 2 ans (PM2A) au Burundi : Rapport initial (2012)
Strengthening and Evaluating the Preventing Malnutrition in Children Under Two Years of Age Approach (PM2A) in Guatemala: Cross-Sectional Baseline Report (2011)
TRM-01: Preventing Malnutrition in Children under 2 Approach (PM2A): A Food-Assisted Approach (Title II Technical Reference Materials, 2010)
TRM-01: Approche pour la prevention de la malnutrition chez les enfants de moins de 2 ans (PM2A) : Une approche d'aide alimentaire (Documents de reference technique Titre II, 2010)
TRM-01: Prevención de la desnutrición en niños menores de 2 años (PM2A): Enfoque con ayuda alimentaria (Materiales técnicos de referencia del Título II, 2010)